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Kristina Bauer

Kristina Bauer, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Psychology





Tech Central 212


Ph.D., Old Dominion University, Industrial and Organizational Psychology (2013)
M.S., Old Dominion University, Experimental Psychology (2009)
M.A., George Washington University, Human Resource Management (2008)
B.S., University of Pittsburgh, Psychology (2006)

Research Interests 

Training and development
Individual differences


Dr. Bauer’s primary research interests include self-regulated learning with an emphasis on technology enabled instruction and transfer of training. Her self-regulated learning research, to date, has focused on the correlates and outcomes of training motivation, understanding how factors unique to technology (e.g., technical difficulties and adaptive training) affect training outcomes, and examining the impact of a training intervention on the retention and professional identity of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors. Positive transfer of training refers to whether trainees use what they learned in training back on the job, requiring both generalization of learning to the job and maintenance of learning over time. Dr. Bauer’s transfer of training research seeks to understand the individual and contextual factors that optimize both use of trained skills and effective implementation of trained skills. She also has a passion for research methods and statistics, which is reflected in the study design and analysis strategies utilized.

Selected Publications 

Bauer, K. N., Orvis, K. A., Ely, K., & Surface, E. A. (in press). Re-examination of motivation in learning contexts: Meta-analytically investigating the role type of motivation plays in the prediction of key training outcomes. Journal of Business and Psychology.

Landers, R. N., Bauer, K. N., & Callan, R. C. (in press). Gamification of task performance with leaderboards: A goal setting experiment. Computers in Human Behavior.

May, R. W., Bauer, K. N., & Fincham, F. D. (in press) School burnout: Diminished academic and cognitive performance. Learning & Individual Differences.

Bauer, K. N., Brusso, R. C., & Orvis, K. A. (2012). Using adaptive difficulty to optimize videogame-based training performance: The moderating role of personality. Military Psychology, 24, 148-165.

Brusso, R. C., Orvis, K. A., Bauer, K. N., & Tekleab, A. G. (2012). Interaction among self-efficacy, goal orientation, and unrealistic goal-setting on videogame-based training performance. Military Psychology, 24, 1-18.

Sitzmann, T., Ely, K., Bell, B., & Bauer, K. N. (2010). The effects of technical difficulties on learning and attrition during online training. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 16, 281-292.

Sitzmann, T., Ely, K., Brown, K. G., & Bauer, K. N. (2010). Self-assessment of knowledge: A cognitive learning or affective measure? Academy of Management Learning & Education, 9, 169-191. Awarded Best Paper in Academy of Management Learning & Education in 2010.

Brown, K. G., Sitzmann, T., & Bauer, K. N. (2010). Self-assessment one more time: With gratitude and an eye toward the future. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 9, 348-352.

Morganson, V. J., Major, D. A., & Bauer, K. N. (2009). Work-life job analysis: Applying a classic tool to address a contemporary issue. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 12, 252-274.